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畜禽微生态

微生态制剂(奶牛益之源)在奶牛养殖场中的广泛应用

更新时间:2018-06-30 15:28:32点击次数:4827次
牛乳中体细胞超标直接影响奶牛养殖利益,体细胞含量增高,基本可以确认奶牛的乳房或乳腺健康受到侵害,或是机体患有其他疾病导致对乳房或乳腺产生病理反应。体细胞超标幅度可以预示奶牛乳腺被细菌感染的程度。在奶牛养殖生产中,因乳房疾病造成淘汰的牛占很大比例。如果不及时监测,不能及时采取治疗措施,将会导致奶牛产奶量下降、淘汰率增加。

微生态制剂,奶牛益之源

双色球斜连走势图NIURUZHONGTIXIBAOCHAOBIAOZHIJIEYINGXIANGNAINIUYANGZHILIYI,TIXIBAOHANLIANGZENGGAO,JIBENKEYIQUERENNAINIUDERUFANGHUORUXIANJIANKANGSHOUDAOQINHAI,HUOSHIJITIHUANYOUQITAJIBINGDAOZHIDUIRUFANGHUORUXIANCHANSHENGBINGLIFANYING。TIXIBAOCHAOBIAOFUDUKEYIYUSHINAINIURUXIANBEIXIJUNGANRANDECHENGDU。ZAINAINIUYANGZHISHENGCHANZHONG,YINRUFANGJIBINGZAOCHENGTAOTAIDENIUZHANHENDABILI。RUGUOBUJISHIJIANCE,BUNENGJISHICAIQUZHILIAOCUOSHI,JIANGHUIDAOZHINAINIUCHANNAILIANGXIAJIANG、TAOTAILVZENGJIA。

NIURUZHONGTIXIBAOCHAOBIAOJIYINSHIJIANKANGDAILAIWEIXIE,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGRUZHIPINJIAGONGLIYI,RUPINJIAGONGQIYEDUIYUTIXIBAOCHAOBIAODENIURU,QINGZHEJIANGJIASHOUGOU,GUOGAODEZHINENGJUSHOU。WULUNNAINIUTAOTAILVZENGGAO、NIUNAIJIANGJIAHUODAONAI,WUYIHUIJIMUCHANGDELIYIDAILAIJUDASUNSHI。


一、造成牛乳体细胞超标的原因

NIURUZHONGCHAOCHUZHENGCHANGFANWEIDETIXIBAOZHUYAOYUANYUNAINIUDEBINGLIYINSU。RUSIYANGHUANJINGBUDABIAO;YAOYUYESHIYONGBUDABIAO;BUANGUIFANCAOZUOJINAI,ZAIJINAIGUOCHENGZHONG,GUODUJINAI、MAIDONGPINLVBUWEN、NAICHENLAOHUADENGDOUHUIJINAINIURUFANG、RUTOUZAOCHENGSUNSHANG,ZHEIXIEHUANJIECUNZAIJIECHUXINGCHUANRANXINGBINGYUANJUNHEHUANJINGXINGBINGYUANJUN,TAMENJUNKECHENGJIJINRUNAINIURUQU,JITIZAIYUZHEIXIEBINGYUANJUNDOUZHENGSHI,TIXIBAOSHU(scc)SHENGGAO。RUGUODUIHUANYOURUXIANYANDENAINIUBUNENGJISHIGELI、ZHILIAO,JIANGHUICHUXIANJIAOCHAGANRANBINGKUODAWURANQUN,CONGERDAOZHIDAGUANNAITIXIBAOSHULIANGDAFUDUZENGJIA。LINGWAI,YINGJIYINSU(RUREYINGJI、BIANDA、QIANGLIEDEZAOYIN、MIRUJIEDUANDEPINFANZHUANQUNDENGYINSU)YIHUIYINQIXIANNAIZHONGTIXIBAODEZENGGAO。


二、控制牛乳中体细胞超标的方法

双色球斜连走势图1、QIANGHUADUINIUCHANGWEISHENGFANGYIDEGUANLI。GAOHAONIUSHE、JINAITING、WOCHUANGHUOYUNDONGCHANGDEWEISHENG、MIECHUWENYING、JINGCHANGDUINIUSHEJINXINGXIAODU;DUIYICHANGBINGNIUJINXINGGELIZHILIAO;

2、BAHAOSILIAOWEISHENGZHILIANGGUAN;YAOQIUSICAOSILIAOQINGJIEGANJING、BUMEILAN、BUBIANZHI;

双色球斜连走势图3、TIGAOJITIMIANYILI。MIANYIGONGNENGDI、GENGYIHUANBING,NIUNAITIXIBAOSHUCHANGCHANGJIAOGAO。JINGGUONAINIURILIANGZHONGSHILIANGTIANJIAKANGYANGHUAXINGWEILIANGYANGFENJIMIANYIDIAOJIEJIKEZENGJIANAINIUDUIRUFANGYANDEDIKANGLI、CONGERJIANGDITIXIBAOSHU(RUPUGONGYINGCHAOWEIFEN、QIKANG);

双色球斜连走势图4、CMTHEDHI

双色球斜连走势图TIXIBAOHANLIANGDEGAODIFANYINGRUFANGSHOUGANRANDECHENGDU,YIBANTIXIBAOSHUCHAOGUOMEIHAOSHENG50WANGE,JIBIAOXIANWEILINCHUANGRUFANGYANZHENGZHUANG, TIXIBAOSHUZAIMEIHAOSHENG30WANGE~40WANGESHI,GAINIUKENENGHUANYOUYINXINGRUFANGYAN。YINCI,DINGQI(MEIYUEBUSHAOYULIANGCI)JIANCE,JISHIFAXIANNAINIURUFANGJIBING,JISHICAIQUGELI、ZHILIAOCUOSHI,ZHEISHIJIANSHAONAINIUTAOTAILV、BAOZHANGNAINIUYANGZHIXIAOYIDEYOUXIAOCUOSHI。MUQIANBIJIAOBIANYUCAOZUODEJIANCENAINIUNAISCCFANGFASHICMTNIURUJIANYANFA。

CMT法的判定方法及标准

反应判定

被检乳

反应状态

体细胞数

/毫升)

阴性

混合物呈液体状,倾斜检验盘时,流动流畅,无凝块

020

±

可疑

混合物呈液体状,盘底有微量沉淀物,摇动时消失

2050

弱阳性

盘底出现少量黏性沉淀物,非全部形成凝胶状,摇动时,沉淀物散布于盘底,有一定的黏性

5080

++

阳性

全部呈凝胶状,有一定黏性,回转时向心集中,不易散开

80500

+++

强阳性

混合物大部分或全部形成明显的胶状沉淀物,黏稠,几乎完全黏附与盘底,旋转摇动时,沉淀集于中心,难以散开

>500


双色球斜连走势图5、NAITINGGUANLIFANGMIAN。 DUISUOYONGDESHEBEIHEGONGJUYAOJINXINGJIANCHA,DUIYOUWENTIDEYAOJISHIWEIXIUHUOGENGHUAN。QIZHONGJINAICHEN、NAIGUAN、ZHENKONGGUANDEXIANGJIAOBUZHUNYOULAOHUAPOSUNXIANXIANG;ZHENKONGBENGJINYOUGUANLUCHANGTONG,ZHENKONGYA、JIEPAIYINGYANGEZUNSHOUSUOXUANSHEBEIDEJISHUCANSHU,XUYAODIAOZHENGSHI,YINGZIXUNSHEBEICHANGSHANGDEYIJIAN,BUKESUIYIDIAOZHENG。RUTOUPINGFENDABIAO;JIWANNAIHOUYANGEANZHAOCIPQINGXICHENGXUQINGXISHEBEI;BIAOZHUNHUACAOZUO,WENDING、GAOXIAODEJINAIDUIWU。


三、控制大罐中牛奶体细胞数的有效措施

双色球斜连走势图(1)DINGQIJIANCHAYINXINGRUFANGYAN,MEIGEYUEZHISHAO1CICMT(HUOBMT)DENGJIANCERUFANGJIANKANG,FAXIANYANGXINGJISHIYONGPUGONGYINGCHAOWEIFENJINXINGZHILIAO。

(2)XIANJIJIANKANGNIUQUN。RUYONGKANGSHENGSUZHILIAOHUOZHESHIRUFANGYANDENIUZHI,HUOZHEJIANCESANGE“+”YISHANGDENIUZHI,JUJIANGCINIUQUN(ZHI)DENIUNAIDARUDAGUANZHONG。

(3)ZIXIJIANCHAJINAIZHENKONGZHUANGZHI,ANZHAOGONGYINGSHANGTIGONGDEZUIJIAZHENKONGZHI、MAIDONGPINLVWEIZHUN。

JINAIQIANZIXIQINGJIERUTOU,ZHISHAOTINGLIU20-30MIAOHOU,BINGQIQUQIANSANBANAI(YIDINGBUYAOQIZAINAITINGDEDIMIAN,YAOYONGZHUANMENDEQINAIRONGQISHENGFANG),RANHOUJINXINGTAOBEIJINAI。

双色球斜连走势图(4)YAOYONGWENRE(XIAODUSHUI)DESHIMAOJINCASHI,HUOZHEGANZHIJINCASHIWUZHUODERUTOUJIRUTOUZHOUWEIDERUFANGBU。

双色球斜连走势图(5)CONGCASHIRUTOU,DAOTAOBEI,JINLIANGKONGZHIZAI90MIAONEIWANCHENG,TAOBEISHIJINLIANGBIMIANGUODUODEKONGQIJINRUJINAIXITONG,TAOBEIHOUJIANCHANAIGUANHEMAIDONGGUANDEFANGXIANG。

(6)JINAIGUOCHENGYAOJIANSHI,BUNENGZIDONGTUOBEIDE,YOUNAILIANGKONGZHIJINAIJI,JIANSHAOGUODUJINAIDEFASHENG,JINAISHIGUOCHENG,JINLIANGJIANSHAOTONGSHIZUOQITAGONGZUO。

(7)TUOBEISHIYAOJIANCHA,JINAISHIFOUCHONGFEN。TUOBEISHIYAOXIANDUANZHENKONG,ZAITUOBEI,ERQIE4GEBEITONGSHITUOXIA。

(8)JINAIJIESHUHOU,MASHANGJINXINGXIAODU,ZUIHAOSHIYONGJUWEITONGDIANCHENGMOYAOYUYE。ZHIYOUZHANGQIJIANCHIRUTOUXIAODUCAINENGCHENGGONGKONGZHIXIJUNXINGHUOJIBINGYINQIDERUXIANYAN。JINAIJIESHUHOU,MASHANGJINXINGQINGXIJINAISHEBEIJIJINAIBEI,YAOYANGEANZHAOQINGXIGUOCHENGJINXINGQINGXI(BAOZHENGSHUIWENJIQINGXIYEDEYOUXIAOXING)。

双色球斜连走势图(9)JIANCHALENGZANGWENDU,FANGZHIXIJUNFANZHIZENGSHENG。ANZHAORUPINCHANGTUIJIANDEWENDUJINXINGBAOCUN,YIBAN4℃LENGZANG。

(10)ZHUNAIGUANHEJINAIGUANYIDANFANGKONG,LIJIQINGXI。

(11)DINGQIWEIHUJINAISHEBEI,ANZHAOJIANYIGENGHUANNAIBEINEITAOHENAIGUAN,MEINIANZHISHAOYICIWEIHUJIANCHA。

(12)YUNDONGCHANGHUANJINGYAOBAOCHIGANZAO,YOUFEN、NIAOSHIYAOJISHIQINGLI,TONGSHIZUOHAOPAISHUIPAIWUSHESHIJIANSHE,YOUTIAOJIANDEYIDINGZAIDONGTIANJINIUPUDAOCAO、MAIJIEWOCHUANG,WUTIAOJIANDEYEYAOJINIUPUSHATUWOCHUANG。


四、解决方案:
1、奶牛益之源大群每头每天使用100g,连用3-4周,对体细胞数升高有很好的预防作用。
2、治疗隐性乳房炎和显性乳房炎时,每头每天使用200-250g,连用7-10天。
双色球斜连走势图 3、建议:大群长期添加时,每头每天使用50g,可以增强奶牛体质,防止体细胞升高,促进肠道菌群平衡,提高饲料转化率,增加日产奶量,降低畜舍氨味,预防腐蹄病的发生。


附:微生态制剂产品-益之源成份:发酵杜仲、发酵黄芪、发酵蒲公英、@-甘露聚糖肽、粪肠球菌等。

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